Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland located in the Central Belt region of the country. It hosts the most stunning historical sights and in 1995, UNESCO listed the old and new towns of Edinburgh as World Heritage Sites. With a population of approximately 450,000, Edinburgh manages to combine both ancient and modern in a uniquely Scottish atmosphere. In Edinburgh, medieval palaces rub shoulders with the best of modern architecture, Gothic churches with amazing museums and galleries. In 2004, Edinburgh became the first member of the UNESCO Creative Cities initiative when it was designated a City of Literature.The Scottish Highlands is the rugged northern and North-western portion of Scotland. This is the Scotland conjured up by visions of tartan, kilts, Bonnie Prince Charlie and all.